Finally the semester is over, all am doing is filming my documentary video with my group members as well as editing. See you guys next semester.




In todays world of media Documentaries are becoming more frequent. It continues to play important roles in defining, exposing and transforming issues. So, what is a Documentary? A documentary is simple a film that attempts to document life, currently happening in the world or explore what has already taken place. It introduces  viewers to ideas, people and experiences they otherwise might not have encountered or challenge them to question what they already know. A documentary  is different from a movie due to the fact that their is no script, and the people involved in the film are not typically actors.  Sometimes a documentary film uses voice-over narration to describe what is happening in the footage; while images flashing across the screen. It normally includes interviews with people to add additional context or information.



An example of a DOCUMENTARY



L and J cuts

Editing is an art,  with hundreds of choices of cuts to choose from in every single 30 second frame. Two of this cut is the “L and J cut.” These cuts is said to be two of the most powerful but simple transitions in editing. So what are L and J cuts?

First of all L and J cuts are used frequently in news reporting.

L cut which is known as a video advance is basically means that the video starts before the audio and vice vera for the J cut which is a audio advances.




Is the process of selecting and preparing written, visual, audible and film media used to convey information.

I will be talking about both video and audio editing.

Video Editing 

Is the of manipulating and rearranging video shots to create a new work. Editing is usually considered to be one part of the post production process.  — other post-production tasks include titling, colour correction, sound mixing, etc.

There many video editing softwares but I will be using Adobe Premiere pro


Audio Editing

There many video editing softwares but I will be using Adobe Audition


Camera Lightning

Three Point Lightning Before I begin looking at Three Point Lightning. I will first look at what is Lightning? What is the function of Lightning? Lightning >>>>>>> It is used to add mood and drama to a shot. It is also used to “model” the objects so their shapes become apparent to us. So how we do that? We do it by using the Three Point Lightning. The Three Point Lightning is a method used in visual media such as video, film, still photography and computer-generated imagery. This method uses three lights called the key lightfill light and back light.  As a rule:


Light is the main light and is usually the strongest. It is placed in such a way that one side is will lit and the other has shadow.


The Fill Light is known as the secondary light. It is placed opposite of the fill light as seen in the photo. This light is used to fill the shadow created from the Key Lightning, it is usually softer and less brighter than the key light.


Lastly, the back light, which is placed right behind the object and lights it from the rear. The purpose of the back light is to highlights around the objects outline. It also helps to separate the subject from the background.

Camera angles

It is important that you do not confuse camera angles and camera shots. Camera shots are used to demonstrate different aspects of setting, themes and characters. Camera angles are used to position the viewer so that they can understand the relationships between the characters. These are very important for shaping meaning in film as well as in other visual texts.

The following examples will help you to understand the differences between the different camera angles



A bird’s eye angle is an angle that looks directly down upon a scene. It is a very unnatural and strange angle and puts the audience in a godlike position, looking down on the action. People can be made to look insignificant, ant-like, part of a wider scheme of things. This angle is often used as an establishing angle, along with an extreme long shot, to establish setting.






A high angle is a camera angle that looks down upon a subject. It is not as extreme as the bird`s eye angle. A character shot with a high angle will look vulnerable or small. The camera is elevated above the action using a crane to give a general overview. This type of angle often used to demonstrate to the audience a perspective of a particular character.




An eye-level angle also known as a neutral angle puts the audience on an equal footing with the character/s. The camera is placed in such a way that it seems as if a human is actually observing a scene. This is done by placing the camera five to six feet from the ground. Let it be known that this angle is the most commonly used angle in films because it allows the viewers to feel comfortable with the characters.




A low angle is a camera angle that looks up at a character. This is the opposite of a high angle and makes a character look more powerful. This can make the audience feel vulnerable and small by looking up at the character. This can help the responder feel empathy if they are viewing the frame from another character’s point of view.


Another camera angle that you might come across is a Dutch angle.



A Dutch angle is used to demonstrate the confusion of a character. Sometimes the camera is tilted (ie is not placed horizontal to floor level), to suggest imbalance, transition and instability (very popular in horror movies). This technique is used to suggest POINT-OF-View shots (ie when the camera becomes the ‘eyes’ of one particular character,seeing what they see.